Gout Specialist

David Boyd, MD -  - Family Medicine


David Boyd, MD

Family Medicine located in Goodyear, AZ

More than 8 million Americans have gout. That’s about one in 50 people. Gout is the most common type of inflammatory arthritis that affects both men and women. But having it doesn’t mean you can’t enjoy life. Gout is very manageable and, at P3MD in Goodyear, Arizona, David Boyd, MD, can help you adjust certain lifestyle habits to combat the symptoms of gout. If you are in pain from this type of arthritis, call the office or go online to make an appointment with Dr. Boyd today.

Gout Q & A

What is gout?

Gout is a type of arthritis that affects one joint at a time and is very painful. It often flares up suddenly and causes a lot of pain before disappearing for a while. However, if it isn’t treated, the flare-ups become more frequent and painful over time. 

What causes gout?

Gout is caused by a buildup of uric acid in the body. Uric acid is made by the body during the digestive process, but if there is too much, it forms into needle-like crystals in your joints. This results in intense and stabbing pain when you move the affected joints.

If gout isn’t treated, over time the crystals form lumps under your skin, called tophi. Crystals that build up in the urinary tract can also result in kidney stones.

What are the symptoms of gout?

Gout is often found in the toes, ankles, and knees. Symptoms in these affected areas include:

  • Intense pain, usually in the middle of the night or early in the morning 
  • Stiffness and decreased range of movement in the joint 
  • Tenderness and swelling in the joint, which might also be warm to touch

There is no known cure for gout, but Dr. Boyd can help treat and manage the condition.

What causes gout?

You are at a higher risk of getting gout if you:

  • Are male
  • Are overweight
  • Eat foods that are high in purines, like red meat, certain seafood, and beer (these are the foods your body breaks down into uric acid)
  • Drink too much alcohol
  • Use certain medications, like diuretics or aspirin 
  • Have certain health issues, such as poor kidney function, diabetes, and hypertension

Talk to Dr. Boyd to get a complete list of medications that can cause attacks and to learn about other risk factors.

What are the treatments for gout?

Gout is treated mainly through medication. Based on your health, Dr. Boyd prescribes medication to treat current attacks and prevent future attacks. 

Some types of medication effective against gout are:

  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
  • Colchicine
  • Corticosteroids

Dr. Boyd discusses the best treatment and medication options for you. 

If you have a gout attack and are in extreme pain, call Dr. Boyd as soon as you can. Until you can come to the clinic, ice and elevate the joint and take an over-the-counter inflammatory like ibuprofen. 

What can I do to prevent gout?

By making some small dietary and lifestyle changes, you can greatly reduce your chances of developing gout or better control it. These changes include:

  • Eating a balanced diet with little sugar and no foods that are high in purines 
  • Exercising regularly 
  • Avoiding alcohol, especially beer
  • Eating less meat, especially organ meat
  • Taking prescription medication as directed to reduce inflammation and pain during an attack

To learn more, call the office or use the online scheduling tool to make an appointment today.